The United States Immigration Law is very complicated. The body of law, Immigration and Naturalization Act (INA) controlling the current policy of immigration allows 675,000 permanent immigrants annually. There are certain exceptions for family members too.
If a foreign person wants to live and work permanently and lawfully in the United States, then it would be allowed by the Lawful permanent residency (LPR). LPRs are qualified to apply for all types of jobs; if they are unemployed, they can still live in the country. Every year the state allows non-citizens to live in the country temporarily. The President and the Congress control the number of refugee’s admission. If you want to visit the US, you must have ESTA USA (Electronic System for Travel Authorization).
Immigration to the United States is built upon the following ideologies:
- Allowing those immigrants whose skills can benefit the US economy
- Reunion of different families
- Promoting diversity and protection of refugees
Family reunion-based immigrations
A family reunion is an important principle of immigration policy. This policy allows LPRs and US citizens to bring their family members to the state. Family-based immigrants are conceded either through the family preference system or as close relatives of US citizens. It depends whether you are LPR or a US citizen for the law to apply.
The United States gives different approaches to immigrants with beneficial abilities to come to the state either on a temporary or permanent basis. On a temporary basis, employers are allowed to hire and petition for foreign people for particular jobs for a limited time period. So if you are working as a temporary worker then you should work only for that employer who petitioned for you and you cannot change jobs easily.
There are 20 different types of visas for temporary non-immigrant workers such as L-1 visa will allow you to transfer from a foreign branch of a country to the US branch. R-1 visa if you are a religious worker. P-visas if you are an entertainer, athlete or any skilled performer. O-1 visas if you have some extraordinary skill. A-visa if you are a diplomatic worker and H-visa it for both high and less skilled people. These visa types depend on the duration of the job and your eligibility.
If you want to settle in the US permanently, then you should apply for a green card. If you haven’t committed any crime nor you are related to one then you can live for an indefinite period of time in the state. If you marry a US citizen then you can apply for citizenship after three to five years. The US gives one million green cards annually.
Per country immigrations
Presently, no group of immigrants (business-based or family-based) from a single nation can surpass seven percent of the aggregate sum of individuals moving to the United States in a single year. This is a limit set so that the population of immigrants doesn’t dominate the state.
Protection of refugees and asylees
The US immigration policy also admits people who are unable to return to their country due to any natural hazard. If you are a refugee and you cannot return to your country because of political, social, religious or national problems, then the US will allow you to live in the country, but it depends on numerous factors like the extent of risk you are facing. Every year the President and the Congress set a value of refugee admissions. Asylum is accessible to people who are already live in the USA. They have the same rules as refugees for living in the country.
Visa Waiver Program (VWP)
A document that enables an individual to apply to enter the United States is called a visa. The Visa Waiver Program (VWP) permits you to make a trip from any foreign country to the USA for business or tourism to stay for 90 days or maybe less without getting a visa. You should have a substantial Electronic System for Travel Authorization or ESTA validity preceding to traveling. If you like to have a visa in your passport, you must apply for a visitor visa. Following is a list of requirements if you want to visit USA on VWP:
- You must be a citizen of a country who has VWP such as Australia, Belgium, Chile, etc.
- You must have an authorization from ESTA.
- You must have a proper passport for about six months after your planned exit from the US.
If you want to be a permanent citizen of the US, then you ought to have an LPR status for about five years, which means you should have a green card. You must be eighteen years old, should have a good moral character, have a residency, and have passed the USA civic and history exams. However, if you want to visit the country for tourism or any other purpose, then you should apply through VWP. Get an ESTA validity from ESTA USA to have a stay of maximum ninety days or less than that according to your plan.